Data collection on displaced persons from Ukraine in Austria with a focus on risk factors in the area of housing

With the activation of the Temporary Protection Directive (2001/55/EC), the European Union introduced a regime that grants those who fled Ukraine after the Russian invasion started on 24 February 2022 a residence permit, as well as access to social welfare, education, employment and health care. By December 2022, there were 87,570 Temporary Protection holders in Austria.

The system of basic care (Grundversorgung) provides immediate support and housing. Unlike asylum-seekers, for whom the system was originally established, the majority of displaced persons from Ukraine lives in private accommodation. This presents particular challenges and potential vulnerabilities.


In January 2023, IOM Austria in collaboration with the Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior and the Austrian Integration Fund conducted a survey among displaced persons from Ukraine residing in Austria. The survey is part of a larger panel data collection. Further information in German can be found here  – the overall analysis will soon be available – and here.

The objective of this non-representative online survey was to identify risk factors of experiencing violence, exploitation or abuse when accommodated in private versus public housing.

Finally, the collected data were analyzed using the Determinants of Migrant Vulnerability Model and presented in a survey report.

The press release on the publication of the survey report on 20 September 2023 is available here (in German).


Saskia Heilemann
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Country Office for Austria
Nibelungengasse 13/4
1010 Vienna

Phone: +43 1 585 33 22-17


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